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  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2

  • The virus that causes COVID-19 (coronavirus of 2019)

  • SARS-Co-V-2 is the name of the virus/bacteria – COVID-19 is the disease/illness

  • Identified in December 2019

  • Exact origin is still unknown

  • One of the deadliest viruses in human history


COVID-19 Signs and

  Possible symptoms include:

  • Fever or chills

  • Cough 

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

  • Fatigue

  • Muscle or body aches 

  • Headache 

  • New loss of taste or smell

  • Sore throat

  • Congestion or runny nose 

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Diarrhea


Chronic Conditions and Covid-19

  • Patients with high body mass index (BMI) had higher costs of inpatient care. Compared to adults with healthy BMI (18.5–24.9)

  • Patients with high BMI had longer hospital stays compared to patients with healthy weight, ranging from 0.20 days longer for those with BMI of 35 to 39.9 to 0.71 days longer for those with BMI of ≥45. 1

  • Patients who had overweight or obesity had a higher risk of acute complications such as pneumonia (4%–10% higher), respiratory failure (8%– 30% higher), and acute kidney injury (8%–42% higher).1

  • Patients with type 1 diabetes had a 21% higher risk of being in the intensive care unit or on a mechanical ventilator and a 5% higher risk of death compared to patients without diabetes.4

  • Among patients hospitalized with severe COVID-19 complications, 39.7% had diabetes as an underlying medical condition. The percentage increased to 46.5% for patients aged 50 to 64.5

Diabetes and COVID-19 ​​

25%  of people with severe Covid-19 infections had diabetes and high blood sugar weakens the immune system and makes it less able to fight off infections. Unvaccinated people with diabetes are at an increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19.

Heart Disease and COVID-19 

COVID-19 increases the risk of heart issues—including clots, inflammation, and arrhythmias—a risk that persists even in relatively healthy people long after the illness has passed. 


Obesity and COVID-19 

Models estimate that approx. 30.2% of hospitalizations were attributed to obesity. Obesity is linked to impaired immune responseHaving obesity may triple the risk of hospitalization due to a COVID-19 infection.

High Blood Pressure and COVID-19

People infected with SARS-CoV-2 found a significant association between the virus and the development of persistent high blood pressure among those with no prior history of high blood pressure.

The burden of COVID-19 varies by age and underlying conditions status.

COVID-19 burden is currently lower than at previous points in the pandemic, however there are still thousands of hospitalizations and hundreds of deaths each week.

The majority of the U.S. populations has some level of immunity due to infection, vaccination, or both.

Vaccine and infection-included immunity wane and new variants have emerged, suggesting that susceptibility remains and may increase over time.

Racial and ethnic minority groups have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19.

The COVID-19 Vaccine

COVID-19 vaccines help our bodies develop immunity to the virus that causes COVID-19 without us having to get the illness. Different COVID-19 vaccines may work in our bodies differently but all provide protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. None of the COVID-19 vaccines can give you COVID-19. Bringing new vaccines to the public involves various steps, all which must be followed to ensure they are safe and effective before they are made available for use.

Types of Vaccines Available



  • mRNA Technology

  • For ages 6 months and Up

  • Only 2023-2024 formulations are available

  • Previous monovalent and bivalent are no longer authorized for use 





  • mRNA Technology

  • For ages 6 months and Up

  • Only 2023-2024 formulations are available

  • Previous monovalent and bivalent are no longer authorized for use



  • Protein subunit vaccines

  • Ages 12 years and up

  • Not previously vaccinated with any Covid-19 vaccine, two doses should be administered 3 weeks apart

None of the COVID-19 vaccines affect or interact with our DNA

Medical Consultation

Dosing Requirement & Updates 

Updated Dosing Requirements March 2022:

Additional booster for eligible individuals

  • Eligible individuals: Individuals 50 years and older or certain immunocompromised individuals

  • Johnson and Johnson no longer recommended

  • Individuals who received Johnson and Johnson are eligible to receive Pfizer and Moderna boosters

Updated Dosing Requirements May 2022:

Booster now available for children 5-11

  • Ages 5-11 Primary Series

  • Pfizer - Primary Series at .2 ml medication per dose

  • Booster dose administered minimum 4-6 months after completion of primary series doses

  • Booster dose .2 ml medication

Bivalent Boosters - September 2022:
Addresses multiple COVID-19 variants

  • Complete primary series to be eligible

  • Available to all individuals 5 years old and up

  • Pfizer - .3 ml of medication administer 3 months after completion of primary series for ages 12 and up

  • Pfizer - .2 ml of medication administer 3 months after completion of primary series for ages 5-11

  • Moderna - .5 ml of medication administer 3 months after completion of primary series for ages 12 and up


Bivalent mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines - April 2023

  • Monovalent vaccines no longer authorized for use

  • 1 dose primary series Pfizer ages 5 and up

  • 1 dose primary series Moderna ages 6 and up

  • Additional dose available for ages 65 and up at least 4 months after last bivalent booster

  • Special consideration for immunocompromised individuals

  • Additional doses available as prescribed or recommended by provider


New Updated COVID-19 Vaccines - September 2023- Present 

  • CDC recommends the 2023–2024 updated COVID-19 vaccines: Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, or Novavax

  • Everyone aged 5 years and older should get 1 dose of an updated COVID-19 vaccine to protect against serious illness from COVID-19.

  • People who are moderately or severely immunocompromised may get additional doses of updated COVID-19 vaccine.

  • 2023-2024 vaccine is the only formulation currently available.


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